Mark Bickhard

Mark Bickhard is the Henry R. Luce Professor in Cognitive Robotics and the Philosophy of Knowledge at Lehigh University.  He is affiliated with the Departments of Philosophy and Psychology, and is Director of the Institute for Interactivist Studies. His work ranges from process metaphysics and emergence to consciousness, cognition, language, and functional models of brain processes, to persons and social ontologies.  Bickhard’s work on cognition features a model of cognition as emergent in agent processes for interacting with the world.  The model has strong implications for the nature of developmental processes.  This work has generated an integrated organization of models encompassing The Whole Person, which is the tentative title of a book in preparation.

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  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2005).  Consciousness and Reflective Consciousness.  Philosophical Psychology, 18(2), 205-218.
  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2009).  The Interactivist Model.  Synthese 166(3), 547-591.
  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2015).  Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-architecture.  Axiomathes, 25(3), 217-238.
  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2015).  Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes II: Central Nervous System Functional Macro-architecture.  Axiomathes, 25(4), 377-407.
  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2016).  The Anticipatory Brain: Two Approaches.  In V. C. Müller  (Ed.)  Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence.  (259-281).  Switzerland: Springer.
  • Bickhard, M. H.  (2016).  Inter- and En- Activism: Some thoughts and comparisons.  New Ideas in Psychology, 41, 23-32.